Iguane

Toate speciile de iguane din lume

Ce este o iguana ? Iguana este un animal exotic. Initial a fost admirat in gradinile zoologice, dar treptat a devenit un animal de casa din ce in ce mai popular. Iguanele sunt de mai multe tipuri.

Ele sunt ierbivore si carnivore, se hranesc atat cu proteine si fibre din plante si fructe cat si cu alte animale. In functie de specie pot traii de la cativa ani pana la cativa zeci de ani. In momentul de fata sunt peste 700 de specii de iguane cunoascute.

Sunt ca niste dinozauri in miniatura admirati pentru culoare, marime si asemanarea cu animalele preistorice. Avantajele detinerii unei iguane sunt ca nu au cheltuieli mari si arata bestial.

Traiesc in pădurile tropicale, în zonele de joasă altitudine din apropierea surselor de apă, râuri sau iazuri. Este mai răspândită în America Centrala, de Sud şi în Caraibe.

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Iguane marine de Galapagos – Genus Amblyrhynchus:

Amblyrhynchus cristatus albemarlensis – Isabela Island
Amblyrhynchus cristatus cristatus – Fernandina Island
Amblyrhynchus cristatus hassi – Santa Cruz Island
Amblyrhynchus cristatus mertensi – San Cristóbal and Santiago Islands
Amblyrhynchus cristatus nanus – Genovesa Island
Amblyrhynchus cristatus sielmanni – Pinta Island

Iguane de Galapagos – Genus Conolophus:

Barrington land iguana, Conolophus pallidus
Galápagos land iguana, Conolophus subcristatus
Galápagos pink land iguana, Conolophus marthae

Iguane din Fiji – Genus Brachylophus:

Fiji banded iguana, Brachylophus fasciatus
Fiji crested iguana, Brachylophus vitiensis
Brachylophus bulabula

Iguane cu coada spinoasa – Genus Ctenosaura:

Denumire stiintifica – Numele in engleza – Locatie pe glob
Ctenosaura acanthura – northeastern spinytail iguana – Eastern Mexico
Ctenosaura alfredschmidti – Campeche spinytail iguana – Mexico and Guatemala
Ctenosaura bakeri – Baker’s spinytail iguana – Utila island off Honduras
Ctenosaura clarki – Balsas armed lizard – Western Mexico
Ctenosaura conspicuosa – San Esteban iguana – San Estiban Island, Gulf of California
Ctenosaura defensor – Yucatán spinytail iguana – Southern Mexico
Ctenosaura flavidorsalis – yellowback spinytail iguana – Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala
Ctenosaura hemilopha – cape spinytail iguana – Southern half of Baja California, Mexico
Ctenosaura macrolopha – Sonora black iguana – Sonora, Mexico
Ctenosaura melanosterna – black-chested spinytail iguana – Honduras
Ctenosaura nolascensis – San Pedro Nolasco iguana – San Pedro Nolasco Island, Gulf of California
Ctenosaura oaxacana – Oaxacan spinytail iguana – Oaxaca, Mexico
Ctenosaura oedirhina – Roatán spinytail iguana – Roatán, Honduras
Ctenosaura palearis – Guatemalan spinytail iguana – Guatemala
Ctenosaura pectinata – Mexican spinytail iguana – Western Mexico. Introduced to the US in Texas and Florida.
Ctenosaura praeocularis – Honduran club tail iguana – SE Honduras
Ctenosaura quinquecarinata – club tail iguana – Nicaragua and Costa Rica.

Iguane de piatra (West Indian rock iguanas) – Genus Cyclura:

Turks and Caicos rock iguana, Cyclura carinata
Bartsch’s iguana, Cyclura carinata bartschi
Jamaican iguana, Cyclura collei
Rhinoceros iguana, Cyclura cornuta
Navassa Island iguana (believed to be extinct), Cyclura cornuta onchiopsis
Mona ground iguana, Cyclura cornuta stejnegeri
Northern Bahamian rock iguana, Cyclura cychlura
Andros Island iguana, Cyclura cychlura cychlura
Exuma Island iguana, Cyclura cychlura figginsi
Allen Cays iguana, Cyclura cychlura inornata
Grand Cayman blue iguana, Cyclura lewisi
Cuban iguana, Cyclura nubila
Lesser Caymans iguana, Cyclura nubila caymanensis
Anegada ground iguana, Cyclura pinguis
Ricord’s iguana, Cyclura ricordi
San Salvador iguana, Cyclura rileyi
White Cay iguana, Cyclura rileyi cristata
Acklins iguana, Cyclura rileyi nuchalis

Chuckwallas (iguane plate) – Genus Sauromalus:

Sauromalus ater (formerly Sauromalus obesus)
Sauromalus australis
Sauromalus hispidus
Sauromalus slevini
Sauromalus varius

Iguane disparute:

Genus Gangiguana (extinct)
Genus Lapitiguana (extinct giant Fijian iguana)
Genus Pumila (extinct Palm Springs iguana)

 

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