Paianjeni

Specii de paianjeni

Pana acum peste 40.000 de specii de paianjeni au fost identificate. Acestia traiesc peste tot, in casa noastra sau in gradina noastra. Au cucerit aproape toate mediile. Sunt capabili sa calatoreasca la altitudini mari in varfurile muntilor sau pe insule izolate. Indiferent unde te duci, este un paianjen in apropierea ta.

Firul panzei de paianjen este folosita la coconi, pentru a imobiliza prada sau pentru a crea o noua panza. Un studiu asupra unor paianjeni care produc cantitati mari de panza de paianjen a scos la iveala ca panza de paianjen este un material incredibil. Aceasta poate absoarbe toata energia unei insecte care se loveste de panza cu viteza. Este facuta din fibre care sunt de 35 de ori mai subtiri decat firul de par al omului.

Mai multe despre panza de paianjen AICI.





Urmatoarele specii de paianjeni vor popula aceasta pagina:

Acanthepeira stellata Walckenaer (Araneidae) – Starbellied orbweaver
Acanthoscurria geniculata C. L. Koch (Theraphosidae) – Whitebanded tarantula or Brazilian whiteknee tarantula
Achaearanea tepidariorum C. L. Koch (Theridiidae) – Common house spider
Agelenopsis spp. Giebel (Agelenidae) – Grass spiders
Aphonopelma anax Chamberlin (Theraphosidae) – Texas tan tarantula
Aphonopelma bicoloratum Struchen et al. (Theraphosidae) – Mexican bloodleg tarantula
Aphonopelma burica Valerio (Theraphosidae) – Costa Rican chestnutzebra tarantula
Aphonopelma chalcodes Chamberlin (Theraphosidae) – Desert blond tarantula
Aphonopelma eutylenum Chamberlin (Theraphosidae) – California ebony tarantula
Aphonopelma hentzi Girard (Theraphosidae) – Texas brown tarantula
Aphonopelma moderatum Chamberlin si Ivie (Theraphosidae) – Rio Grande gold tarantula
Aphonopelma seemanni F. O. P.-Cambridge (Theraphosidae) – Costa Rican zebra tarantula
Araneus cavaticus Keyserling (Araneidae) – Barn orbweaver or Barn spider
Araneus diadematus Clerck (Araneidae) – Cross orbweaver or European garden spider
Araneus marmoreus Clerck (Araneidae) – Marbled orbweaver
Araneus spp. Clerck (Araneidae) – Angulate si roundshouldered orbweavers
Araneus thaddeus Hentz (Araneidae) – Lattice orbweaver
Araneus trifolium Hentz (Araneidae) – Shamrock orbweaver
Araniella displicata Hentz (Araneidae) – Sixspotted orbweaver
Argiope argentata Fabricius (Araneidae) – Silver garden spider
Argiope aurantia Lucas (Araneidae) – Yellow garden spider
Argiope florida Chamberlin si Ivie (Araneidae) – Florida garden spider
Argiope spp. Audouin (Araneidae) – Garden orbweavers
Argiope trifasciata Forskal (Araneidae) – Banded garden spider
Argyrodes spp. Simon (Theridiidae) – Dewdrop spiders
Argyroneta aquatica Clerck (Cybaeidae) – European water spider or Diving bell spider
Atrax robustus O. P.-Cambridge (Hexathelidae) – Sydney funnelweb spider or Australasian funnel-web spider
Atypoides riversi O. P.-Cambridge (Antrodiaetidae) – Turret spider
Avicularia avicularia Linnaeus (Theraphosidae) – Pinktoe tarantula
Avicularia juruensi Mello-Leitao (Theraphosidae) – Yellowbanded tarantula
Avicularia metallica Ausserer (Theraphosidae) – Whitetoe tarantula
Avicularia purpurea Kirk (Theraphosidae) – Ecuadorian purple tarantula
Avicularia urticans Schmidt (Theraphosidae) – Peruvian pinktoe tarantula
Avicularia versicolor Walckenaer (Theraphosidae) – Antilles pinktoetarantula
Bassaniana spp. Strand (Thomisidae) – Bark crab spiders
Bothriocyrtum californicum O. P.-Cambridge (Ctenizidae) – California trapdoor spider
Brachypelma albopilosum Valerio (Theraphosidae) – Curlyhair tarantula
Brachypelma angustum Valerio (Theraphosidae) – Costa Rican red tarantula
Brachypelma auratum Schmidt (Theraphosidae) – Mexican flameknee tarantula
Brachypelma baumgarteni Smith (Theraphosidae) – Mexican orangebeauty tarantula
Brachypelma boehmei Schmidt si Klaas (Theraphosidae) – Mexican fireleg tarantula
Brachypelma emilia White (Theraphosidae) – Mexican redleg tarantula
Brachypelma epicureanum Chamberlin (Theraphosidae) – Yucatan rustrump tarantula
Brachypelma klaasi Schmidt si Krause (Theraphosidae) – Mexican pink tarantula
Brachypelma smithi F. O. P.-Cambridge (Theraphosidae) – Mexican redknee tarantula
Brachypelma vagans Ausserer (Theraphosidae) – Mexican redrump tarantula
Brazilopelma colloratvillosum – Brazilian black and white tarantula
Castianeira cingulata C. L. Koch (Corinnidae) – Twobanded antmimic
Castianeira descripta Hentz (Corinnidae) – Redspotted antmimic
Castianeira gertschi Kaston (Corinnidae) – Gertsch antmimic
Ceratogyrus bechuanicus Purcell (Theraphosidae) – Curvedhorn tarantula
Ceratogyrus brachycephalus Hewitt (Theraphosidae) – Greaterhorned tarantula
Ceratogyrus marshalli Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Straighthorned tarantula
Cheiracanthium inclusum Hentz (Miturgidae) – Agrarian sac spider or Yellow sac spider
Cheiracanthium spp. C. L. Koch (Miturgidae) – Longlegged sac spiders
Chilobrachys andersoni Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Burmese mustard tarantula
Chilobrachys sericeus Thorell (Theraphosidae) – Asian mustard tarantul
Chromatopelma cyaneopubescens Strand (Theraphosidae) – Greenbottle blue tarantula
Cicurina baronia Gertsch (Dictynidae) – Robber Baron Cave meshweaver
Cicurina madla Gertsch (Dictynidae) – Madla Cave meshweaver
Cicurina veni Gertsch (Dictynidae) – Braken Bat Cave meshweaver
Cicurina vespera Gertsch (Dictynidae) – Government Canyon Bat Cave meshweaver
Cicurina wartoni Gertsch (Dictynidae) – Warton meshweaver
Citharischius crawshayi Pocock (Theraphosidae) – King baboon tarantula
Clubiona kastoni Gertsch (Clubionidae) – Kaston sac spider
Clubiona spp. Latreille (Clubionidae) – Leafcurling sac spiders
Crassicrus lamanai Reichling si West (Theraphosidae) – Cinnamon taratula
Ctenus captiosus Gertsch (Ctenidae) – Florida false wolf spider
Cyclosa spp. Menge (Araneidae) – Trashline orbweavers
Cyclosternum fasciatum O. P.-Cambridge (Theraphosidae) – Costa Rican tigerrump tarantula
Cyriopagopus paganus Simon (Theraphosidae) – Asian chevron tarantula
Cyrtophora citricola Forskal (Araneidae) – Global tentweb weaver
Cyrtophora spp. Simon (Araneidae) – Tentweb weavers

Dolomedes spp. Latreille (Pisauridae) – Dolomedes
Dolomedes triton Walckenaer (Pisauridae) – Six-spotted fishing spider
Enoplognatha marmorata Hentz (Theridiidae) – Marbled cobweb spider
Ephebopus murinus Walckenaer (Theraphosidae) – Skeleton tarantula
Eris militaris Hentz (Salticidae) – Bronze jumper
Eucratoscelus longiceps Pocock (Theraphosidae) – African redrump tarantula
Eupalaestrus weijenberghi Thorell (Theraphosidae) – Whitecollared tarantula
Eustala anastera Walckenaer (Araneidae) – Humpbacked orbweaver
Frontinella communis Hentz (Linyphiidae) – Bowl and doily weaver or Bowl and doily spider
Gasteracantha cancriformis Linnaeus (Araneidae) – Spinybacked orbweaver
Geolycosa spp. Montgomery (Lycosidae) – Burrowing wolf spiders
Grammostola alticeps Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Brazilian graysmoke tarantula
Grammostola burzaquensis Ibarra (Theraphosidae) – Argentine rose tarantula
Grammostola grossa Ausserer (Theraphosidae) – Pampas tawnyred tarantula
Grammostola iheringi Keyserling (Theraphosidae) – Entre Rios tarantula
Grammostola pulchra Mello-Leitao (Theraphosidae) – Brazilian black tarantula
Grammostola rosea Walckenaer (Theraphosidae) – Chilean rose tarantula
Grammostola aureostriata Simon (Theraphosidae) – Chaco white knee
Haplopelma lividum Smith (Theraphosidae) – Cobalt blue tarantula
Haplopelma minax Thorell (Theraphosidae) – Thailand black tarantula
Herpyllus ecclesiasticus Hentz (Gnaphosidae) – Parson spider
Heteropoda venatoria Linnaeus (Sparassidae) – Huntsman spider
Heteroscodra maculata Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Togo starburst tarantula
Hibana gracilis Hentz (Anyphaenidae) – Garden ghost spider
Holocnemus pluchei Scopoli (Pholcidae) – Marbled cellar spider
Hololena curta McCook (Agelenidae) – Corner funnel weaver
Holothele incei F. O. P.-Cambridge (Theraphosidae) – Trinidad olive tarantula
Hyptiotes cavatus Hentz (Uloboridae) – Triangle weaver
Hysterocrates crassipes Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Cameroon brown tarantula
Hysterocrates gigas Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Cameroon red tarantula
Hysterocrates laticeps Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Nigerian rustred tarantula
Iridopelma zorodes Mello-Leitao (Theraphosidae) – Brazilian purple tarantula
Kukulcania hibernalis Hentz (Filistatidae) – Southern house spider
Larinioides cornutus Clerk (Araneidae) – Furrow orbweaver
Larinioides sclopetarius Clerk (Araneidae) – Bridge orbweaver
Lasiodora parahybana Mello-Leitao (Theraphosidae) – Brazilian salmon tarantula
Lasiodorides striatus Schmidt si Antonelli (Theraphosidae) – Stripeleg tarantula
Latrodectus bishopi Kaston (Theridiidae) – Red widow
Latrodectus geometricus C. L. Koch (Theridiidae) – Brown widow
Latrodectus hesperus Chamberlin si Ivie (Theridiidae) – Western black widow
Latrodectus mactans Fabricius (Theridiidae) – Southern black widow
Latrodectus spp. Walckenaer (Theridiidae) – Widow spiders
Latrodectus variolus Walckenaer (Theridiidae) – Northern black widow
Leucauge venusta Walckenaer (Tetragnathidae) – Orchard orbweaver
Loxosceles apache Gertsch si Ennik (Sicariidae) – Apache recluse
Loxosceles arizonic Gertsch si Mulaik (Sicariidae) – Arizona recluse
Loxosceles bland Gertsch si Ennik (Sicariidae) – Big Bend recluse
Loxosceles deserta Gertsch (Sicariidae) – Desert recluse
Loxosceles devia Gertsch si Mulaik (Sicariidae) – Texas recluse
Loxosceles kaiba Gertsch si Ennik (Sicariidae) – Grand Canyon recluse
Loxosceles laeta Nicolet (Sicariidae) – Chilean recluse
Loxosceles martha Gertsch si Ennik (Sicariidae) – Martha recluse
Loxosceles palma Gertsch si Ennik (Sicariidae) – Baja recluse
Loxosceles reclusa Gertsch si Mulaik (Sicariidae) – Brown recluse
Loxosceles rufescens Dufour (Sicariidae) – Mediterranean recluse spider
Loxosceles russelli Gertsch si Ennik (Sicariidae) – Russell recluse
Loxosceles sabina Gertsch si Ennik (Sicariidae) – Tucson recluse
Loxosceles spp. Heineken si Lowe (Sicariidae) – Recluse spiders
Lyssomanes spp. Hentz (Salticidae) – Translucent green jumpers
Lyssomanes viridis Walckenaer (Salticidae) – Magnolia green jumper
Maevia inclemens Walckenaer (Salticidae) – Dimorphic jumper
Mangora gibberosa Hentz (Araneidae) – Lined orbweaver
Mangora maculata Keyserling (Araneidae) – Greenlegged orbweaver
Mangora placida Hentz (Araneidae) – Tuftlegged orbweaver
Marpissa pikei Peckham si Peckham (Salticidae) – Pike slender jumper
Mastophora spp. Holmberg (Araneidae) – Bolas spiders
Mecynogea lemniscata Walckenaer (Araneidae) – Basilica orbweaver
Megaphobema mesomelas O. P.-Cambridge (Theraphosidae) – Costa Rican redleg tarantula
Megaphobema robustum Ausserer (Theraphosidae) – Colombian giant tarantula
Megaphobema velvetosoma Schmidt (Theraphosidae) – Ecuadorian brownvelvet tarantula
Menemerus bivittatus Dufour (Salticidae) – Gray wall jumper
Meta menardi Latreille (Tetragnathidae) – European cave spider
Metepeira labyrinthea Hentz (Araneidae) – Labyrinth orbweaver
Metriopelma zebratum Banks (Theraphosidae) – Costa Rican suntiger tarantula
Micrathena gracilis Walckenaer (Araneidae) – Spined Micrathena
Micrathena mitrata Hentz (Araneidae) – White micrathena
Micrathena sagittata Walckenaer (Araneidae) – Arrowshaped micrathena
Misumena spp. Latreille (Thomisidae) – Flower crab spider
Misumena vatia Clerck (Thomisidae) – Goldenrod crab spider
Misumenoides formosipes Walckenaer (Araneidae) – Whitebanded crab spider
Misumenops asperatus Hentz (Thomisidae) – Northern crab spider
Misumenops celer Hentz (Thomisidae) – Celer crab spider
Neoleptoneta microps Gertsch (Leptonetidae) – Government Canyon Bat Cave spider
Neoleptoneta myopica Gertsch (Leptonetidae) – Tooth cave spider
Neoscona arabesca Walckenaer (Araneidae) – Arabesque orbweaver
Neoscona oaxacensis Keyserling (Araneidae) – Western spotted orbweaver
Neoscona spp. Simon (Araneidae) – Spotted orbweavers
Nephila clavipes Linnaeus (Tetragnathidae) – Golden silk orb-weaver
Neriene radiata Walckenaer (Linyphiidae) – Filmy dome spider
Olios fasciculatu Simon (Sparassidae) – Golden huntsman spider
Ornithoctonus andersoni Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Asian mahogany tarantula
Oxyopes salticu Hentz (Oxyopidae) – Striped lynx spider
Oxyopes scalaris Hentz (Oxyopidae) – Western lynx spider
Ozyptila spp. Simon (Thomisidae) – Leaflitter crab spiders
Pachygnatha spp. Sundevall (Tetragnathidae) – Thickjawed orbweavers
Pamphobeteus antinous Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Bolivian blueleg tarantula
Pamphobeteus fortis Ausserer (Theraphosidae) – Colombian brown tarantula
Pamphobeteus insignis Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Colombian purplebloom tarantula
Pamphobeteus nigricolor Ausserer (Theraphosidae) – Common bluebloom tarantula
Pamphobeteus ornatus Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Colombian pinkbloom tarantula
Pamphobeteus vespertinus Simon (Theraphosidae) – Redbloom tarantula
Pardosa spp. C. L. Koch (Lycosidae) – Thinlegged wolf spiders
Peckhamia picata Hentz (Salticidae) – Antmimic jumper
Pelegrina galathea Walckenaer (Salticidae) – Peppered Jumper
Peucetia viridans Hentz (Oxyopidae) – Green lynx spider
Phantyna segregata Gertsch si Mulaik (Dictynidae) – Apex mesh weaver
Phidippus audax Hentz (Salticidae) – Bold jumper
Phidippus cardinalis Hentz (Salticidae) – Cardinal jumper
Phidippus johnsoni Peckham si Peckham (Salticidae) – Johnson jumper
Phidippus regius C. L. Koch (Salticidae) – Regal jumper
Pholcus phalangioides Fuesslin (Pholcidae) – Longbodied cellar spider
Phormictopus cancerides Latreille (Theraphosidae) – Haitian brown tarantula
Pirata spp. Sundevall (Lycosidae) – Pirate wolf spiders
Pisaurina mira Walckenaer (Pisauridae) – Nursery web spider
Pityohyphantes costatus Hentz (Linyphiidae) – Hammock spider
Plexippus paykulli Audouin (Salticidae) – Pantropical jumper
Poecilotheria fasciata Latreille (Theraphosidae) – Sri Lankan ornamental tarantula
Poecilotheria formosa Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Salem ornamental tarantula
Poecilotheria ornata Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Fringed ornamental tarantula
Poecilotheria regalis Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Indian ornamental tarantula
Poecilotheria rufilata Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Redslate ornamental tarantula
Poecilotheria subfusca Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Ivory ornamental tarantula
Psalmopoeus cambridgei Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Trinidad chevron tarantula
Psalmopoeus irminia Saager (Theraphosidae) – Suntiger tarantula
Psalmopoeus reduncus Karsch (Theraphosidae) – Costa Rican orangemouth tarantula
Pterinochilus murinus (orange) Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Usambara baboon tarantula
Pterinochilus murinus (tan) Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Mumbasa baboon tarantula
Salticus scenicus Clerck (Salticidae) – Zebra jumper or Zebra spider
Selenocosmia javanensis Walckenaer (Theraphosidae) – Javan yellowknee tarantula
Selenocosmia lanipe Ausserer (Theraphosidae) – New Guinea brown tarantula
Sicarius (spider) spp. Walckenaer (Sicariidae) – Sand recluse spiders
Singa spp. C. L. Koch (Araneidae) – Striped orbweavers
Spermophora senoculata Duges (Pholcidae) – Short-bodied cellar spider
Steatoda americana Emerton (Theridiidae) – Twospotted cobweb spider
Steatoda grossa C. L. Koch (Theridiidae) – False black widow
Stromatopelma calceatum griseipes Pocock (Theraphosidae) – Featherleg tarantula
Tapinauchenius gigas Caporiacco (Theraphosidae) – Orange chevron tarantula
Tapinauchenius plumipes C. L. Koch (Theraphosidae) – Trinidad mahogany tarantula
Tegenaria agrestis Walckenaer (Agelenidae) – Hobo spider
Tegenaria domestica Clerck (Agelenidae) – Barn funnel weaver or Domestic house spider
Tegenaria duellica Simon (Agelenidae) – Giant house spider
Tetragnatha laboriosa Hentz (Tetragnathidae) – Silver longjawed orbweaver
Tetragnatha spp. Latreille (Tetragnathidae) – Longjawed orbweavers
Theraphosa apophysis Tinter (Theraphosidae) – Goliath pinkfoot tarantula
Theraphosa blondi Latreille (Theraphosidae) – Goliath birdeatertarantula
Tibellus spp. Simon (Philodromidae) – Slender crab spiders
Uloborus glomosus Walckenaer (Uloboridae) – Featherlegged orbweaver
Xenesthis immanis Ausserer (Theraphosidae) – Colombian lesserblack tarantula
Xysticus elegan Keyserling (Thomisidae) – Elegant crab spider
Xysticus spp. C. L. Koch (Thomisidae) – Ground crab spiders
Xysticus triguttatus Keyserling (Thomisidae) – Threebanded crab spider
Zygoballus rufipes Peckham si Peckham (Salticidae) – Hammerjawed jumper